ARYABHATA MATHEMATICIAN PDF

For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. While there is a tendency to misspell his name as "Aryabhatta" by analogy with other names having the " bhatta " suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: every astronomical text spells his name thus, [8] including Brahmagupta 's references to him "in more than a hundred places by name". Aryabhata mentions in the Aryabhatiya that he was 23 years old 3, years into the Kali Yuga , but this is not to mean that the text was composed at that time. This mentioned year corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in Similarly, the fact that several commentaries on the Aryabhatiya have come from Kerala has been used to suggest that it was Aryabhata's main place of life and activity; however, many commentaries have come from outside Kerala, and the Aryasiddhanta was completely unknown in Kerala.

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It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara. The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala. Aryabhata wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises.

The name of this treatise was not given to it by Aryabhata but by later commentators. This is a very literal name because the treatise did in fact consist of verses.

It covers several branches of mathematics such as algebra, arithmetic, plane and spherical trigonometry. Also included in it are theories on continued fractions, sum of power series, sine tables and quadratic equations. Aryabhata worked on the place value system using letters to signify numbers and stating qualities.

He also came up with an approximation of pi and area of a triangle. Aryabhata also did a considerable amount of work in astronomy. He knew that the earth is rotating on an axis around the sun and the moon rotated around it.

He also discovered the position of nine planets and stated that these also revolved around the sun. He pointed out the eclipses; both lunar and solar. Aryabhata stated the correct number of days in a year that is He was the first person to mention that the earth was not flat but in fact a spherical shape.

He also gave the circumference and diameter of the earth and the radius of the orbits of 9 planets. Aryabhata was a very intelligent man. The theories that he came up with at that time present a wonder to the scientific world today. His works were used by the Greeks and the Arabs to develop further. A commentary by Bhaskara I a century later on Aryabhatiya says:. Aryabhata was an immense influence to mathematics and astronomy. Many of his works inspired Arabs more particularly.

He has been honored in many ways. I think there is typographical error. Thank you so much for picking this up and letting us know. You are indeed correct, and it has been corrected. It is very nicely said about him. Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Mathematical Work Aryabhata wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises. Astronomical Work Aryabhata also did a considerable amount of work in astronomy. More about Aryabhata Aryabhata was a very intelligent man. Reply It is very nicely said about him. Reply Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.

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Aryabhata the Elder

View one larger picture. Biography Aryabhata is also known as Aryabhata I to distinguish him from the later mathematician of the same name who lived about years later. Al-Biruni has not helped in understanding Aryabhata's life, for he seemed to believe that there were two different mathematicians called Aryabhata living at the same time. He therefore created a confusion of two different Aryabhatas which was not clarified until when B Datta showed that al-Biruni 's two Aryabhatas were one and the same person. We have given Kusumapura, thought to be close to Pataliputra which was refounded as Patna in Bihar in , as the place of Aryabhata's birth but this is far from certain, as is even the location of Kusumapura itself. As Parameswaran writes in [ 26 ]

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It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara. The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala. Aryabhata wrote many mathematical and astronomical treatises.

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