The test method can be adapted for the latter purpose, provided the potential paths of air movement and the sources of infiltration and exfiltration can be identified, controlled, or eliminated. There is a strong possibility that the test method or the test apparatus may, by virtue of their design and use, induce air leakage that does not occur under natural environmental exposure. Persons interested in laboratory testing of fenestration products should reference Test Method E The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
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ASTM F ASTM E A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. Scope 1. The test method can be adapted for the latter purpose, provided the potential paths of air movement and the sources of in?
There is a strong possibility that the test method or the test apparatus may, by virtue of their design and use, induce air leakage that does not occur under natural environmental exposure. Persons interested in laboratory testing of fenestration products should reference Test Method E Non-SI units are provided in parenthesis. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
For speci? Referenced Documents 2. Terminology 3. The test specimen consists of the major components of the assembly, including all joints, cracks, or openings between such components and any panning, receptors, extenders, sills, mullions, or other parts or components used for assembly and installation.
The test specimen excludes any joints, cracks, or openings between the assembly and any interior or exterior trim that is not an integral part of the system, and excludes any joints, cracks, or openings between the assembly and the adjacent wall construction. Current edition approved Oct. Published April Originally approved in Discontinued June and reinstated as E — Where two suchoperable parts meet, the two adjacent lengths of perimeter shall be counted as only one length.
Summary of Test Method 4. NOTE 1—The air pressure differences acting across a building envelope vary greatly. The factors affecting air pressure differences and the implications of the resulting air leakage relative to the environment within buildings are discussed in the literature. Air may be supplied to or exhausted from wall cavities or adjacent construction, or may bypass interior or exterior trim or components in a manner not experienced during normal operation or exposure.
Care must be taken to prevent such leakage from occurring, or consideration must be given that such leakage may have occurred during the test. Air leakage from the adjacent wall cavity through sill, head, and jambs of the window frame is considered extraneous air leakage and, therefore, not a component of the measured specimen air leakage.
Such extraneous air leakage through the perimeter frame of the test specimen can be a signi? Apparatus 6. Any suitable arrangement of equipment capable of maintaining the required test tolerances is permitted. At no time during the test shall the sheet or any other part of the testing assembly, come in contact with or restrict any point where air leakage may occur. At least one static air pressure tap shall be provided on each side of the 5.
Such comparisons may not be valid unless the components being tested and compared are of essentially the same size, con? The correlation between the laboratory and?
Consideration must be given to the proper selection of test specimens, the choice of appropriate test technique when a choice is given within this test method , and the proper use and interpretation of the results obtained from this test to minimize the effect of these conditions. The air supply opening to the chamber shall be located in an area in which it does not directly impinge upon the test specimen.
The system should provide essentially constant air? The air? The reference listed in Annex A1 presents background information on? NOTE 2—At lower? If higher precision is required, special? The accuracy of the specimen air leakage? See Annex A1. Sampling, Test Specimens, and Test Units 9.
NOTE 4—Although the specifying authority is responsible for establishing test specimen sampling, selection, and identi?
Preparation of Test Specimen Record all pertinent observations. NOTE 5—The purpose of this examination is to record the physical condition of the test specimen and adjacent construction at the time of testing. Examples of pertinent observations to be recorded include: any damage or deterioration observed; missing or broken components; misalignment or misadjustment of weatherstrip or other components; cleanliness of the test specimen; out-of-square installation; etc.
Hazards 7. Adequate precautions should be taken to protect personnel, observers, and bystanders. NOTE 3—Additional precautions may be necessary to protect passers-by when tests are conducted to measure ex? The choice of whether the test chamber is affixed to the interior or exterior side of the test specimen, and whether the tests are conducted using positive or negative static air pressure can aid in the protection. NOTE 6—The results of this test may be signi?
The test should not be conducted immediately after a rain, window washing, or other condition where water can be retained by the test specimen. Test Conditions 8. Hg Temperature — If none is speci? Preparation of Test Apparatus If possible, exclude from the test chamber those joints, cracks, or openings for which air leakage is not to be determined, or tape or otherwise seal such openings to prevent leakage from occurring during the test.
Provide suitable support for the test chamber so that it does not contact or restrict any point where air leakage may occur. Seal all joints between the test specimen perimeter and the test chamber; seal any openings between the test chamber and any air supply or exhaust ducts, pressure taps or other measuring devices. Tape or seal the full perimeter of the? Adjust the air? When the system reaches equilibrium as evidenced by the? Designate this measurement Qe. Remove the polyethylene? The sheet must be sufficiently strong not to tear or rip under the pressures to be exerted, and the tape or other seal must resist breaking away.
When the system reaches equilibrium as evidenced by a constant deformation of the? NOTE 7—The accurate measurement and handling of extraneous air leakage is an important factor in conducting these tests. Inaccurate measurement or handling of extraneous air leakage can result in the test reporting higher or lower air leakage measurements than may actually exist. Care must be taken in the location, sealing, and removal of the polyethylene? Extraneous air leakage measurements must also be conducted at the precise test pressure differences to be used during the air leakage tests.
NOTE 8—The technique described in Testing agencies may wish to consider providing access doorways in positive pressure chambers to allow for the application and removal of the polyethylene? Procedure When the test conditions are stabilized, record the air? This measured air? NOTE 9—Because this test is conducted in the? Tests should be conducted when outdoor wind and indoor pressure changes are at a minimum, or steps should be taken to minimize their effect.
When such conditions cannot be corrected, the range of static air pressure differences observed and the average static air pressure difference shall be recorded. Measure and record the speed and direction of the air movement wind at or near the exposed surface of the test specimen. Such measurements shall be taken immediately prior to or during the test. NOTE 10—The measured air leakage through the test specimen is affected by the density and viscosity of the air. Tests should be conducted as near to the reference standard conditions as possible.
NOTE 11—If tests are to be conducted at extremes of outdoor temperature and humidity, that is, near or below freezing, consideration must be given to the effect of such extremes on the accuracy and serviceability of the test apparatus as well as the effect on the measured air leakage.
Calculation Calibration When complete, that document will be referenced. However, all test apparatus shall be calibrated at a minimum of every 6 months to the tolerances established in Section 6. The procedures for this calibration are, at this time, the responsibility of the testing agency.
Calibration should be conducted at or near the environmental conditions temperature, relative 4 Report Any modi? If possible list or describe those joints, cracks, or openings that were speci? List or describe the extraneous air leakage measurement procedures used. When the tests are conducted to check for conformity of the specimen to a particular performance speci? Precision and Bias Keywords NOTE A1.
ASTM E783-02 (2010): Field Measurement of Air Leakage Through Installed Exterior Windows and Doors
Enabling you to identify and mitigate the intrinsic risk in your operations, supply chains and business processes. Learn More. Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. Validating the specifications, value and safety of your raw materials, products and assets. Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. Scope : This method provides a field test procedure for determining the air leakage rates of installed exterior windows and doors. Test Procedure : A polyethylene sheet is sealed over the exterior surface of the test specimen.
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Historical Version s - view previous versions of standard. More E The factors affecting air pressure differences and the implications of the resulting air leakage relative to the environment within buildings are discussed in the literature. Such comparisons may not be valid unless the components being tested and compared are of essentially the same size, configuration, and design. The correlation between the laboratory and field test results, and the correlation between actual performance of in-service products and the response to these tests has not been established because of insufficient data. Consideration must be given to the proper selection of test specimens, the choice of appropriate test technique when a choice is given within this test method , and the proper use and interpretation of the results obtained from this test to minimize the effect of these conditions. Air may be supplied to or exhausted from wall cavities or adjacent construction, or may bypass interior or exterior trim or components in a manner not experienced during normal operation or exposure.