Weiss, Rabbi Moshe Meir. An an-depth explanation of the tefillah prayer that holds the most extraordinary powers. You've just finished a tasty Shabbos repast surrounded by your loved ones. Or, you've come to the conclusion of a delicious barbecue with your best friends together at the table. And now, you want to appreciatively express your thanks to Hashem. So you announce, "Let's Bentch!
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Jun 5 13 Sivan Torah Portion. In the last class, we covered 4 of the 9 main points relating to Birkat Hamazon. In this class, we'll finish the remaining points. In class 31, we learned about what to do when you have a doubt regarding a bracha achrona. Similar situations can arise with Birkat Hamazon. For example:. You ate a kezayit of bread within kiday achilat pras , but the house was hectic, you got distracted, and now you can't remember if you bentched or not.
This is a classic case of doubt. As we mentioned in the last class, the Torah-level obligation to bentch is based on being satiated — i. Therefore if you still feel satiated from the meal, and you cannot recall whether or not you bentched , you are required to bentch. If you cannot recall if you bentched and you do not feel satiated from the meal or are uncertain whether you are satiated , then you should not bentch. In such a case the obligation to bentch is rabbinic, and we adopt the rule of Safek D'Rabbanan L'kula — we rule leniently in cases of doubt when the issue is on a rabbinic level.
Before benching , there is a special mitzvah to wash one's fingers; this is called Mayim Achronim literally, "after-waters". This washing differs in its details from Netilat Yadayim done at the beginning of a bread meal:.
Once you have washed Mayim Achronim , you should not speak or make any other interruption; rather begin benching right away — within about 15 seconds. Before starting to bench , the used Mayim Achronim water should be removed from the table, or covered. Birkat Hamazon has a special addition that is unique among after-brachot. When three or more men above the age of 13 11 have eaten a bread meal together, we add a special introduction called zimmun literally "invitation".
The procedure for a zimmun is that one person "leads the zimmun ," while the others answer responsively, according to the text written in the prayer book. The "leader" then recites the first blessing of Birkat Hamazon out loud, while everyone else recites it quietly to themselves. They then answer "amen" upon the completion of the leader's blessing. Who should lead the bentching?
It is customary to honor a Kohen 15 or a Torah scholar. In determining a zimmun , "eating together" is defined as either starting the meal together or finishing together.
Once you have eaten together with two other people, you are obligated to join in the zimmun. If only two people have eaten bread together, a third person can "complete the zimmun " by preferably eating bread. If he does not want to eat bread, he may consume with them anything that requires a bracha achrona except water. When 10 or more men have eaten together, there is a special form of zimmun.
If you forget to recite that phrase, then "after the fact" your bracha is still valid. In Birkat Hamazon , however, we add an extra paragraph in the third blessing. If you began a meal before sundown for example, on Rosh Chodesh , then even though you finished eating when it is no longer Rosh Chodesh, you should still include the appropriate extra paragraph.
If you forget to recite the extra paragraph, the principle is as follows: If you were obligated to eat this bread meal, then you must go back and bentch again.
If you forgot to say the extra paragraph at the third meal, do not repeat Birkat Hamazon. A woman who forgot to say Ya'ale V'yavo on Yom Tov does not bentch again. The above rules apply if you have already completed the word "Ha'El" the sixth word in the fourth blessing of Birkat Hamazon. If you remember your mistake at an earlier point — i. Though these rules may seem complex, they are worth remembering! Better yet, remind each other before bentchin not to forget the extra paragraph.
In class 25 we learned that a bracha over food needs to be said in a clean and dignified environment. To briefly review:. These same guidelines apply when saying a bracha achrona. We also learned that whenever saying a bracha, you must have a separation "between the heart and lower parts.
However, the importance of Birkat Hamazon demands that one be fully dressed. It is not even considered sufficient to be wearing pajamas or a bath robe. We also learned in class 24 that when saying a bracha, it is important to maintain concentration — i. If possible, one should say Birkat Hamazon out loud, 51 while reading from a prayer book. Your email address is kept private. Our editor needs it in case we have a question about your comment.
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Torah Portion. The Great Dictator. Shavuot at a Social Distance. Tisha B'Av. Aish Academy. Laws of Shabbat Adv. For example: You ate a kezayit of bread within kiday achilat pras , but the house was hectic, you got distracted, and now you can't remember if you bentched or not. However, the best solution is to remove yourself from the doubtful situation by saying Hamotzee again and eating another kezayit of bread within kiday achilat pras 4 asking someone, who has a certain obligation to bentch , to exempt you by saying the entire Birkat Hamazon out loud, while having you in mind 5 6 Mayim Achronim Before benching , there is a special mitzvah to wash one's fingers; this is called Mayim Achronim literally, "after-waters".
This washing differs in its details from Netilat Yadayim done at the beginning of a bread meal: There is no bracha said on Mayim Achronim. However: If women have eaten together with men who are making a zimmun e.
To briefly review: We need to be properly dressed when saying a bracha. We also need to make sure that those around us are adequately dressed.
A man should not recite a bracha in the presence of a female singing voice. The body and hands should be clean. Places with uncovered waste or odors present a problem when saying a bracha. The practical difference would be in a case where she is uncertain if she bentched or not, even when satiated see Mishnah Berurah , with Biur Halacha — s. The best solution is to use one of the methods to resolve the doubt, as discussed below. Since according to some authorities, women are only rabbinically commanded in Birkat Hamazon, Mishnah Berurah rules that a woman should not exempt a man whose obligation to bentch is of biblical origin.
So too a minor, whose obligation is rabbinic according to all authorities, should not exempt any adult Orach Chaim , with Mishnah Berurah 5. Orach Chaim Mishnah Berurah Some are careful to wash Mayim Achronim using a revi'it amount of water. Women should also be careful to wash Mayim Achronim Mishnah Berurah Sefardim include boys from age 6 Orach Chaim This is because Yom Tov meals fall under the category of time-bound mitzvot for which women are generally exempt.
This is due to the universal obligation to eat matzah on Seder night. Orach Chaim , with Mishnah Berurah An exception is the second i. Free PDF Download: Birkat Hamazon — Part 2. Article 35 of 44 in the series Laws of Blessings Previous 34 of Next 36 of Share this article.
Including Other Foods — Part 2. Sequence of Brachot — Part 1. Sequence of Brachot — Part 2.
What Does “Bentching” Mean?
Jun 5 13 Sivan Torah Portion. In the last class, we covered 4 of the 9 main points relating to Birkat Hamazon. In this class, we'll finish the remaining points. In class 31, we learned about what to do when you have a doubt regarding a bracha achrona. Similar situations can arise with Birkat Hamazon. For example:.
35. Birkat Hamazon – Part 2
In its most common form, bentching —used as both a noun and a verb—refers to the Grace After Meals Birkat Hamazon and the chanting thereof. This bentching consists of four primary blessings—the first composed by Moses when the manna came down from heaven in the desert, the second by Joshua when the children of Israel ate from the first harvest after entering the Holy Land, the third by Kings David and Solomon , and the fourth by the sages in Mishnaic times. Continue to the Bentching in Hebrew, English and More. It can be applied to a variety of situations. Many mitzvahs are performed after or sometimes before reciting a brief blessing.
34. Birkat Hamazon – Part 1
Grace After Bread consists of four primary blessings — the first composed by Moses when the manna came down from heaven in the desert, the second by Joshua when the Children of Israel ate from the first harvest after entering the Holy Land, the third by Kings David and Solomon , and the fourth by the Sages in mishnaic times. The full "Grace" is recited only after partaking of a meal that includes bread, and covers everything eaten during the meal. Here's a great tip! Enter your email address to get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life. No Thanks. Weekly Magazine Daily Dose. Ask the Rabbi.
Birkat Hamazon: Grace After Bread (Bentching)
Jun 5 13 Sivan Torah Portion. The last few classes have discussed which bracha achrona to say for different foods. In this class, we'll learn that if your meal included bread , then assuming you ate a kezayit quickly enough you are obligated to say Grace After Meals. This is called Birkat Hamazon Hebrew for "the food blessing" , and is commonly referred to as bentching — which means "blessing" in Yiddish.