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Biblia Hebraica is a Latin phrase meaning Hebrew Bible, traditionally used as a title for printed editions of the Tanakh. Less commonly, Biblia Hebraica may also refer to subsequent editions in the Biblia Hebraica series which build on the work of Kittel's editions. The Old Testament scholar Rudolf Kittel from Leipzig started to develop a critical edition of the Hebrew Bible in , which would later become the first of its kind.
His first edition Biblia Hebraica edidit Rudolf Kittel was published as a two-volume work in under the publisher J. Hinrichs in Leipzig. Kittel printed the text with the Hebrew consonants , vowels Niqqud and Cantillation marks as found in the Bomberg Bible, although his editions did not include Masoretic notes , whereas the Bomberg edition did. In the bottom part of the page he added his critical apparatus where he listed textual variants from other ancient manuscripts especially the Septuagint ; but also from the Samaritan Pentateuch and early Bible translations such as the Latin Vulgate and Syriac Peshitta and conjectural emendations.
The second edition of Kittel's Biblia Hebraica appeared in ; the differences between it and the first one are slight, apart from a list of errors in the second. It was reprinted several times. Hinrichs and alongside further reprints of the existing edition, approaches for a third edition were planned from onwards. The third edition had a slightly different Hebrew text and completely revised footnotes. For the first time, a Bible reproduced the text of the Leningrad Codex from the year , since it was and still is the oldest existing manuscript of the entire Hebrew Bible.
The idea to use that Codex is credited to Paul Kahle , who discovered its importance. In its approach to reproduce the Leningrad Codex it also featured for the first time the Masoretic notes found on the left and right margins of the Codex, the so-called Masora Parva , although without any explanations to it. These marginal notes were of great importance to the editors of the subsequent editions the BHS began to redact the Masora Parva and also to implement references to the notes on the top and bottom of the page, the so-called Masora Magna.
BH 3 appeared in installments, from to , with the first one-volume edition in ; it was reprinted many times, with later editions recording variants in the Book of Isaiah and Habakkuk from the Dead Sea Scrolls. Some of the references in the textual apparatus reference manuscripts that no longer exist due to the bombing of Leipzig during World War II.
The third edition was superseded by the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. The current project in this tradition is the Biblia Hebraica Quinta. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft Stuttgart. Categories : non-fiction books non-fiction books non-fiction books Hebrew Bible versions and translations.
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Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia.
Around , the Old Testament scholar Rudolf Kittel — from Leipzig developed a plan for a critical edition of the Hebrew Bible. Hinrichs in Leipzig. Through the centuries since its first publication, it had become universally recognized as the definitive text of the Hebrew Bible. Kittel printed this Hebrew text with its vowel and stress marks, but without the surrounding Masoretic commentaries and notes the Masorah Magna and Masorah Parva. At the foot of the pages he included a concise critical apparatus with textual variants from other known Masoretic manuscripts and from the ancient translations primarily the Greek Septuagint. In , the discovery of the Qumran scrolls opened up a new dimension in Old Testament textual research.
Biblia Hebraica (Kittel)
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