HYPOPONERA PUNCTATISSIMA PDF

Hypoponera punctatissima is a small brown ant with a functioning sting, a single substantial petiole and a constriction between the first and second segments of the gaster. It is an underground species with wingless worker-like males and only the alate gynes are likely to be seen above ground. There is some dispute as to whether this should be treated as a native species because it is most often come across in greenhouses and other permanently heated buildings but there is evidence for its presence years ago in northern Britain Seifert, and colonies have occasionally been discovered a long way from human habitation. The similar species H.

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MacGown and Ryan J. Whitehouse Uploaded ; last updated 5 December Hypoponera punctatissima , full face view of a worker FL, Jefferson Co.

Introduction Hypoponera ants can be found around the world and are considered to be the most common and diverse Ponerinae ant species worldwide with species with 5 species in the U. They can be found on the ground or just under the soil surface and nest in leaf litter, rotten wood and the soil.

Some Hypoponera species are known to have unique reproductive strategies including ergatoid males and females and male mate competition. Hypoponera species can be identified by having a waist with only one distinct segment; gaster being narrowly connected to the waist; presence of a sting; apex of gaster pointed downwards or posteriorly; frontal lobes covering antennal insertion point; head and body relatively smooth; mandibles triangular; only one pectinate spur on hind tarsi; and subpetiolar process simple and not toothed.

Hypoponera punctatissima Roger Ponerinae is small, yellowish brown stinging species thought to be native to Asia. Hypoponera punctatissima is possibly one of the most widespread tramp ants in the world.

However, in the US, this species does not appear to be widespread or common, except in Florida where it is an occasional nuisance pest. Workers of Hypoponera punctatissima can be recognized by their small elongate body, narrowed head, yellowish brown to brown coloration, shiny integument with dense, appressed pubescence, tiny eye, single rounded petiolar node with simple subpetiolar process, the first two gastral segments enlarged, and the presence of a prominent sting.

In Mississippi, this species is easily distinguished from others in the same genus by its much smaller size and from the very similar Ponera exotica Smith by the simple subpetiolar process. Minute HL 0. Overall coloration yellowish brown to dark brown. Mesosomal dorsum mostly flat in lateral view, promesonotal and metanotal sutures present; dorsum with dense, short semi erect to erect setae; mesopleuron and sides of pronotum and propodeum smoth and shining, mostly glabrous.

Waist single segmented; petiolar node subrectangular, about as wide as tall, broadly rounded apically, with numerous short, erect setae present anteriorly, dorsally, and posteriorly and glabrous and shiny laterally; subpetiolar process simple, rounded. Overall coloration orangish-brown to brown, antennae and legs yellowish brown. Mesosomal dorsum mostly flat in lateral view, enlarged for wings; promesonotal and metanotal sutures present; dorsum with dense short, hair-like setae; pronotum, mesopleuron, and propodeal sides with less dense setae, more shiny in appearance than dorsum.

Waist single segmented, petiolar node subrectangular, about as wide as tall broadly rounded apically, with numerous short, erect setae present anteriorly, dorsally, and posteriorly and glabrous and shiny laterally; subpetiolar process simple, rounded. Male : from Bolton and Fisher Ergatoid males are produced and fall into two categories with one group being larger, brown and with small eyes present and the second group being smaller, yellow and eyeless Yamauchi, et al.

These ergatoid males are very worker-like, especially in head structure, but have shorter scapes SI 68—72 , only segmented antennae as do workers, intercastes and queens , and fully developed male genitalia.

Alate males have never been observed, and it is assumed that they do not exist. Biology and Economic Importance Hypoponera punctatissima is a widely distributed tramp species that has spread throughout the world following the spread of humans.

Colonies occur in soil, rotting wood, gardens, and various disturbed habitats. In fact, Delabie and Blard stated that horse stables are good potential places to collect this minute, cryptic species. These males mate with alate queens that then disperse to find new areas to start colonies. This cosmopolitan species is not considered to be economically important, but is considered to be an occasional stinging pest. Stings are usually from winged queens that become trapped beneath clothing or in sweat.

Oriental : Philippines AntWiki. Southeastern U. Atanassov, N. Fauna of Bulgaria. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Bolton, B.

Bolton World Catalog Ants. Accessed 9 March Zootaxa Collingwood, C. The Formicidae Hymenoptera of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica Dalla Torre, K. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Formicidae Heterogyna. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. Delabie, J. Emery, C. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft Fauna entomologica italiana. Roger, J. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift Seifert, B.

Hypoponera ergatandria Forel, - a cosmopolitan tramp species different from H. Soil Organisms Smith, D. Superfamily Formicoidea. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita Aculeata. Washington, D. Taylor, R. Pacific Insects Monograph Wheeler, W. Mosaics and other anomalies among ants. Cambridge, Mass. Wilson, E. The ants of Polynesia Hymenoptera: Formicidae. Yamauchi, K. Dimorphic ergatoid males and their reproductive behavior in the ponerine ant Hypoponera bondroiti.

Insectes Sociaux Author- Joe MacGown : jmacgown entomology. Brown, Principal Investigator. Hypoponera punctatissima , lateral view of a worker FL, Jefferson Co. Hypoponera punctatissima , dorsal view of a worker FL, Jefferson Co. Hypoponera punctatissima , full face view of a queen MS, Jackson Co. Whitehouse and Joe A. Hypoponera punctatissima , lateral view of a queen MS, Jackson Co. Hypoponera punctatissima , dorsal view of a queen MS, Jackson Co. Diagnosis Workers of Hypoponera punctatissima can be recognized by their small elongate body, narrowed head, yellowish brown to brown coloration, shiny integument with dense, appressed pubescence, tiny eye, single rounded petiolar node with simple subpetiolar process, the first two gastral segments enlarged, and the presence of a prominent sting.

Literature Cited Atanassov, N.

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Hypoponera punctatissima

Images of Atlantic Coast specimen: worker lateral view reduced , original , face view reduced , original. Range The complex contains species that are pantropical tramps, occurring widely in the tropics and subtropics. Identification Face sublucid, with puncta smaller than interspaces; eyes very small, circular, appearing as a single facet or up to about 5 nearly fused facets; petiolar node thick in lateral view, with anterior and posterior faces nearly parallel, very weakly converging, and with a broadly rounded to nearly flat dorsal face; color dirty yellow brown. Measurement data.

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Synonyms or changes in combination or taxonomy: Ponera androgyna Roger, Ponera punctatissima var. Current subspecies: nominal plus Hypoponera punctatissima subsp. Origin The origin of this pantropical tramp ant is unclear, and there are unresolved questions related to its real name. McGlynn suggested Western Europe but this may be an error due to the original description being from hothouses in Germany Roger Recently it has also established in the northern United States and is expanding its range www8. Total length from 2.

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Hypoponera punctatissima (Roger, 1859)

Toggle navigation. Abstract Strong evidence is presented that the ponerine tramp ants frequently found in hothouses around the globe and named for many decades Hypoponera punctatissima consist of two clearly separable species: Hypoponera punctatissima Roger, and H. Exploratory data analyses using eleven morphometric characters were performed in a total of 95 samples with specimens from the worldwide range. They showed that both species are clearly separable in ergatoid males, gynomorphic females, workers and ergatoid females.

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MacGown and Ryan J. Whitehouse Uploaded ; last updated 5 December Hypoponera punctatissima , full face view of a worker FL, Jefferson Co. Introduction Hypoponera ants can be found around the world and are considered to be the most common and diverse Ponerinae ant species worldwide with species with 5 species in the U. They can be found on the ground or just under the soil surface and nest in leaf litter, rotten wood and the soil. Some Hypoponera species are known to have unique reproductive strategies including ergatoid males and females and male mate competition. Hypoponera species can be identified by having a waist with only one distinct segment; gaster being narrowly connected to the waist; presence of a sting; apex of gaster pointed downwards or posteriorly; frontal lobes covering antennal insertion point; head and body relatively smooth; mandibles triangular; only one pectinate spur on hind tarsi; and subpetiolar process simple and not toothed.

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