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King Rat is a novel by James Clavell and the author's literary debut. Clavell was a prisoner in the notorious Changi Prison camp, where the novel is set. One of the three major characters, Peter Marlowe, is based upon Clavell. King Rat was the first book published of Clavell's sweeping series, the Asian Saga , and the fourth chronologically. Two characters from King Rat also appear in Noble House The novel opens in early Marlowe comes to the attention of the "King" an American corporal who has become the most successful trader and black marketeer in Changi , when King sees him conversing in Malay.
Marlowe's languages, intelligence, honesty, and winning personality cause King to befriend him and attempt to involve him in black market deals, which bring Marlowe to the attention of Robin Grey, a British officer and Provost Marshal of the camp, who has developed a Javert -like obsession with King and hopes to arrest him for violating camp regulations. Grey is attempting to maintain military discipline among the prisoners and sees King as the antithesis of his beliefs.
As the son of a working-class family, Grey follows the rules for their own sake using his position as Provost Marshal to gain a status otherwise unavailable to him in British society. Despite being an enlisted man and undistinguished in civilian life, King has become a major power in the closed society of the P.
Trading with Korean guards, local Malay villagers, and other prisoners for food, clothing, information, and what few luxuries are available, King keeps himself and his fellow American prisoners alive. Senior officers come to him for help in selling their valuables to buy food, and other officers are secretly on his payroll. Marlowe is initially put off by King's perspective and behaviour, which clash with the British upper class ideals he has been taught.
He turns down a lucrative business partnership with King because "Marlowes aren't tradesmen. It just isn't done, old boy". Marlowe soon understands that King is not the thief and con artist that Grey would have him believe.
Rather, King asks for the best of each man and rewards him accordingly, irrespective of class or position. Through the experiences of Marlowe, King, and other characters, the novel offers a vivid, often disturbing portrayal of men brought to the edge of survival by a brutal environment. The P. Officers from various parts of Britain's Asian empire, accustomed to having native servants provide them with freshly laundered uniforms daily, are reduced to wearing rags and homemade shoes.
For most, the chief concern is obtaining enough food to stay alive from day to day and avoiding disease or injury, since almost no medical care is available. Some are degraded and come close to losing their humanity, while others display levels of courage and compassion beyond expectations. Some literally steal food out the mouths of their comrades, while others give away what they have or take terrible risks to help their friends.
King decides he and his friends should breed rats to sell for food. His comrades, though nearly starving themselves, are repulsed at the idea of eating rat meat , so King comes up with the plan of only selling the meat to officers without telling them the true source. A group of officers who stole money from their underlings are later seen greedily enjoying a meal of "Rusa tikus" not knowing they are actually eating rat meat. When the camp is ultimately liberated, most of the soldiers have trouble adjusting to freedom.
King loses his power and is shunned by the others. Grey ironically thanks King on the grounds that his hatred of King was the only thing keeping him alive. At the end the rats are abandoned in their cages when the camp is abandoned. The final scene shows the rats consuming each other one by one, with the final survivor becoming "king of the rats".
Two characters from King Rat also appear in Noble House published , a novel set in Hong Kong in the early s, when Marlowe is a writer visiting Hong Kong to conduct research about the great British trading companies there. Grey, embittered by his failure to obtain a commission in the postwar British Army despite his suffering during the war, has become a radical socialist Member of UK Parliament and is also in Hong Kong on an official visit. Unknown to Marlowe, Grey has become a secret Communist and a Soviet agent who tries to thwart efforts to improve relations between China and the West.
A film adaptation was released in , the first of several of Clavell's novels to be so adapted. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the James Clavell novel.
Works by James Clavell. The Asian Saga by James Clavell. Categories : American novels British novels Asian Saga novels World War II novels British novels adapted into films Novels set in the s Novels set in Singapore American novels adapted into films Novels about prisoners of war debut novels.
King Rat : The Fourth Novel of the Asian Saga
Knowing this, it is a truly remarkable piece of writing which I found extremely engaging, both because of the level of description but also in the way he has constructed the plot. The first is more obvious that the second and looks at how one survives when faced with an obstacle. In this case, the protagonists and everyone in the POW camp are faced with a series of obstacles and challenges each day and they have to meet these challenges and overcome them. It is really a question of how. The variety of characters Clavell puts into the book present various types of ways of responding to the obstacle. In way the King could be viewed as a proactive man who is willing to risk a lot for his survival whereas others are more comfortable with knowing what little they have is safe, even if it is so little. It seems Clavell asks what kind of person would you be?
Review of James Clavell’s King Rat
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