NIZAM, the hereditary title of the reigning prince of Hyderabad in India, derived from an Arabic word meaning order, or administration. The same word is found in Nazim, applied to the Nawab of Bengal, and in Nizamat, the old term for criminal jurisdiction. Nizami His native place, or at any rate the abode of his father, was in the hills of Kum, but as he spent almost all his days in Ganja in Arran the present Elizavettpol he is generally known as Nizami of Ganja or Ganjawi. The early death of his parents, which illustrated to him in the most forcible manner the unstableness of all human existence, threw a gloom over his whole life, and fostered in him that earnest piety and fervent love for solitude and meditation which have left numerous traces in his poetical writings, and served him throughout his literary career as a powerful antidote against the enticing favours of princely courts, for which he, unlike most of his contemporaries, never sacrificed a tittle of his self-esteem.
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James Atkinson 17 March — 7 August was a surgeon, artist and Persian scholar - " a Renaissance man among Anglo-Indians " . Atkinson was born in Darlington , County Durham , England, the son of a woolcomber. He showed at an early age a remarkable gift for languages and portraiture and was enabled by the kindness of a friend to study medicine  at Edinburgh and London. On his second trip in he was appointed Assistant Surgeon in the Bengal service of the HEIC and placed in medical charge of the station of Backergunj near Dacca  in present-day Bangladesh.
It was whilst at Backergunj that he began his study of Persian and other oriental languages. For most of while Wilson was setting up the new Mint at Benares Atkinson worked alongside James Prinsep , the antiquarian and numismatist , at the Calcutta Mint. The appointment at the Mint while not a sinecure as such afforded Atkinson a considerable amount of free time to pursue more academic pursuits.
Atkinson was also Editor of the Calcutta Gazette , one of the earliest English language newspapers in India being founded in It was a weekly newspaper which had the exclusive rights of publishing Government announcements and advertisements affording it an increased circulation and the potential of increased advertising revenues from other sources. In the Government transferred these rights to the Bengal Military Orphan Society in order to provide an income for the charity as well as providing the orphans with a potential trade.
Atkinson became the Editor of the new Government Gazette in and in the Superintendent of the Press. Under Atkinson the Government Gazette continued to be a great success publishing two issues per week from and in it was the most widely circulated of all the English language newspapers in Bengal.
It was at this time he took the opportunity to translate an abridged version of the Sha Nameh of the Persian poet Firdausi in prose and verse published in which won the gold medal of the Oriental Translation Fund.
Atkinson was present at the storming of Ghuznee in July and the eventual capture of Kabul shortly after in the First Afghan War ; for his part he was awarded the Order of the Dooranee Empire 3rd class. Atkinson was recalled to India in December to take up his post as Superintending Surgeon of the Cawnpore Division and thus avoided the fate of the remaining British garrison which was destroyed whilst attempting to withdraw to Jellalabad in the winter of Atkinson published his journals of his involvement in the campaign in in The Expedition into Affghanistan , including a background to the conflict, his own journey across northern India to join the Army and his return, the hardship endured by the Army and its followers through the harsh terrain of Afghanistan beset by Beloochee tribesmen and also of the time he spent in Kabul.
He writes of the history of the land, its buildings and people, having met and painted many of the protagonists in the campaign, including both Shah Shoojah-ool-Moolk and Dost Mohammad Khan. He died on 7 August and was interred at Brompton Cemetery , London.
Edinburgh Soohrab, a poem, from the original Persian of Firdousee , being a portion of the Shahnama of that celebrated poet ; published under the sanction of the College of Fort William.
London James Atkinson wrote the descriptive text. La secchia rapita, or, The rape of the bucket an heroic-comical poem in twelve cantos. By a civilian and an officer on the Bengal establishment. London, June London October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Makhzan Ul Israr Wa Sultan Ul Aurad Wa Roohi Shareef By Faqeer Noor Muhammad Qadri Kalachvi
James Atkinson 17 March — 7 August was a surgeon, artist and Persian scholar - " a Renaissance man among Anglo-Indians " . Atkinson was born in Darlington , County Durham , England, the son of a woolcomber. He showed at an early age a remarkable gift for languages and portraiture and was enabled by the kindness of a friend to study medicine  at Edinburgh and London. On his second trip in he was appointed Assistant Surgeon in the Bengal service of the HEIC and placed in medical charge of the station of Backergunj near Dacca  in present-day Bangladesh. It was whilst at Backergunj that he began his study of Persian and other oriental languages. For most of while Wilson was setting up the new Mint at Benares Atkinson worked alongside James Prinsep , the antiquarian and numismatist , at the Calcutta Mint.
James Atkinson (Persian scholar)
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Nizam - Encyclopedia
Makhzan Ul Asrar, the treasury of secrets being the first of the five poems ...